The elaboration of the Geneva Conventions was closely linked to the Red Cross, whose founder Henri Dunant was at the origin of international negotiations that led to the Convention for the Improvement of the Wounded in Time of War in 1864. This Convention provided for (1) the immunity of all treatment facilities for wounded and sick soldiers and their personnel from capture and destruction, (2) the impartial reception and treatment of all combatants, (3) the protection of civilians assisting the wounded, and (4) the recognition of the Red Cross Symbol as a means of identifying persons and equipment, which are covered by the agreement. 1. The Geneva Conventions refer to a number of agreements concerning the future of Vietnam. They were elaborated during multilateral discussions in Geneva between March and July 1954. Geneva Conventions, a series of international treaties concluded in Geneva between 1864 and 1949 to mitigate the effects of war on soldiers and civilians. Two additional protocols to the 1949 Agreement were approved in 1977. Dulles fell out with British delegate Anthony Eden over the United Kingdom`s perceived failure to support united action and American positions on Indochina; He left Geneva on 3 May and was replaced by his deputy, Walter Bedell Smith. :555-8 The State of Vietnam refused to participate in the negotiations until Bidault wrote to Bảo Đại, assuring him that an agreement would not divide Vietnam. :550-1 The Western allies did not have a unified position on what the conference should accomplish in relation to Indochina. Anthony Eden, who led the British delegation, advocated a negotiated solution to the conflict.
Georges Bidault, who led the French delegation, falters and seeks to preserve part of the France`s position in Indochina to justify past losses, even as the country`s military situation deteriorates. :559 The United States had supported the French in Indochina for many years, and the Republican Eisenhower administration wanted to make sure that she could not be accused of having another «Yalta» or «losing» Indochina to the Communists. Its leaders had previously accused the Democratic Truman government of «losing China» when the Communists managed to take control of the country. The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols constitute a body of international law, also known as the humanitarian law of armed conflict, whose purpose is to ensure minimum protection, standards of humane treatment and fundamental guarantees of respect for persons affected by armed conflict. The Geneva Conventions are a set of treaties on the treatment of civilians, prisoners of war and soldiers who are otherwise rendered hors de combat (French, literally «hors combat») or incapable. The first convention was initiated by the International Committee of the Red Cross and Red Crescent (ICRC). This convention led to a treaty designed to protect wounded and sick soldiers during the war. The Swiss government agreed to hold the conventions in Geneva, and a few years later a similar agreement was reached to protect the shipwrecked soldiers. In 1949, after the Second World War, two new conventions were added and the Geneva Conventions entered into force on 21 October 1950.
Ratification has grown steadily over the decades: 74 states ratified the conventions in the 1950s, 48 states did so in the 1960s, 20 states signed in the 1970s, and another 20 states did so in the 1980s. Twenty-six countries ratified the conventions in the early 1990s, particularly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and the former Yugoslavia. Seven new ratifications since 2000 have brought the total number of States parties to 194, making the Geneva Conventions universally applicable. While the Geneva Conventions of 1949 have generally been ratified, the Additional Protocols have not. At present, 168 States are parties to Additional Protocol I and 164 States to Additional Protocol II, making the 1977 Additional Protocols one of the most widely used legal instruments in the world. Our editors will review what you have submitted and decide if you want to review the article. This Convention is the fourth updated version of the Geneva Convention on the Wounded and Sick after the Conventions adopted in 1864, 1906 and 1929. It contains 64 articles. They ensure the protection of the wounded and sick, but also medical and religious personnel, medical units and medical transport. The Convention also recognizes distinctive emblems.
It contains two annexes with a draft agreement on hospital areas and a model map for medical and religious personnel. Most of the nine participating countries have committed to guaranteeing the agreements, but the United States has made it clear that it is not bound by them. The South Vietnamese also refused to give their consent, and the final declaration was signed by all parties. The U.S. government pledged to establish a separate anti-communist state in South Vietnam, and in 1956 supported South Vietnam`s refusal to hold national elections in consultation with North Vietnam. The Geneva Conventions include four treaties and three additional protocols that set international standards for humanitarian treatment in times of war. The singular term Geneva Convention generally refers to the 1949 conventions negotiated after World War II (1939-1945), which updated the terms of the two 1929 treaties and added two new conventions. The Geneva Conventions defined in detail the fundamental rights of prisoners of war (civilian and military), established protection for the wounded and sick, and established protection for the civilian population in and around a war zone. The 1949 treaties were ratified in full or with reservations by 196 countries.  In addition, the Geneva Convention also defines the rights and protection granted to non-combatants. The Geneva Conventions concern soldiers at war; they do not deal with the actual conduct of war – the use of weapons of war – which is the subject of the Hague Conventions[a] and the Geneva Protocol on Biochemical Warfare.
[b] A few days later, the plenum of the Sixth Central Committee of the Communist Party of Vietnam took place. Ho Chi Minh and Secretary General Trường Chinh took turns stressing the need for a quick political solution to prevent a military intervention by the United States, which is now Vietnam`s «main and direct enemy.» «In the new situation, we can`t follow the old program,» Ho said. «So far, our motto has been: `War of resistance to victory`. Now, faced with the new situation, we must maintain a new motto: peace, unification, independence and democracy. Both sides need a spirit of compromise to make the negotiations a success, and there can no longer be any question of the annihilation and annihilation of all French troops. .